Portugal (Portuguese: [puɾtuˈɣaɫ]), officially the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: República Portuguesa), is a country on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, being bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south and by Spain to the north and east. The Portugal–Spain border is 1,214 km (754 mi) long and considered the longest uninterrupted border within the European Union. The republic also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments.

The land within the borders of current Portugal has been continuously settled and fought over since prehistoric times. The Celts and the Romans were followed by the Visigothic and the Suebi Germanic peoples, who were themselves later invaded by the Moors. These Muslim peoples were eventually expelled during the Christian Reconquista of the peninsula. By 1139, Portugal had established itself as a kingdom independent from León. In the 15th and 16th centuries, as the result of pioneering the Age of Discovery, Portugal expanded Western influence and established the first global empire, becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers.

Latest News for: Portugal marine


Plastic-rock found in Andamans’ Aves Island

Hindustan Times 26 Mar 2023
A team of marine biologists during routine monitoring of marine litter in Andaman and Nicobar Islands has stumbled upon a piece of rock made from plastic from a beach on Aves island ... The findings have been published in Marine Plastic Pollution, a peer-reviewed journal published by Elsevier, in March....

In One Ear: Bad boys

The Daily Astorian 21 Mar 2023
Marine scientists at Conservation, Information and Research on Cetaceans studied video footage taken by people who witnessed the incidents, and the scars on the orcas ... are just going crazy," marine biologist Dr....

Researchers Discover 'Plastiglomerate' Rocks on a Remote Brazilian Island

News18 21 Mar 2023
In 2016, Portuguese biologists discovered a new form of pollution that they called "plasticrust." ... The term "plasticrust" was used in 2016 by Portuguese scientists from Lisbon's Center for Environmental and Marine Sciences (MARE), during an expedition to the island of Madeira, located southwest of Portugal in the Atlantic Ocean ... ....

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